The Multisectoral Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic.

The Kaiser Family Foundation (2007). As the number of people living with HIV/AIDS continues to grow, the pandemic has affected many sectors of society, reaching well beyond its direct human toll. This primer explains this concept and summarizes key research assessing impacts to date in many of the worst affected countries, including effects on population structure and demographics, individuals and households, the public and private sectors, health, education, agriculture and food security, and the economy. The research summarized in the primer shows that:
  • HIV/AIDS has lowered the overall life expectancy in some of the hardest hit countries, life expectancies which had been on the rise prior to HIV. It has also affected population growth in some places.
  • Households affected by HIV/AIDS incurred new costs at a time when incomes were compromised due to the illness or death of family members.
  • Firms in the private sector experienced increased costs and reduced productivity related to illness and death among employees.
  • The supply of teachers and health care workers has been affected, which has wider implications for service delivery in the health and education sectors.
  • GDP in some of the worst affected countries has been impacted by HIV. Download PDF (1,342 KB)
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